|Application ||WB, E|
|Description||This gene encodes a type I membrane protein that is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. This protein is expressed by antigen-presenting cells, and it is the ligand for two proteins at the cell surface of T cells, CD28 antigen and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4. Binding of this protein with CD28 antigen is a costimulatory signal for activation of the T-cell. Binding of this protein with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 negatively regulates T-cell activation and diminishes the immune response. Alternative splicing results in two transcript variants encoding different isoforms. Additional transcript variants have been described, but their full-length sequences have not been determined.Tissue specificity: Expressed by activated B-lymphocytes and monocytes.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of human CD86 expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide.|
|Other Names||T-lymphocyte activation antigen CD86, Activation B7-2 antigen, B70, BU63, CTLA-4 counter-receptor B7.2, FUN-1, CD86, CD86, CD28LG2|
|Dilution||WB~~1/500 - 1/2000|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||CD86 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor involved in the costimulatory signal essential for T-lymphocyte proliferation and interleukin-2 production, by binding CD28 or CTLA-4. May play a critical role in the early events of T-cell activation and costimulation of naive T-cells, such as deciding between immunity and anergy that is made by T- cells within 24 hours after activation. Isoform 2 interferes with the formation of CD86 clusters, and thus acts as a negative regulator of T-cell activation.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Expressed by activated B-lymphocytes and monocytes|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
1. Clin Exp Allergy. 2009 Dec;39(12):1852-6. 2. Am J Hum Genet. 2009 Nov;85(5):628-42. 3. Immunology. 2009 Nov;128(3):334-41.
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