|Application ||WB, E|
|Calculated MW||31095 Da|
|Antigen Region||236-263 aa|
|Other Names||Alkaline ceramidase 1, AlkCDase 1, Alkaline CDase 1, Acylsphingosine deacylase 3, N-acylsphingosine amidohydrolase 3, ACER1, ASAH3|
|Target/Specificity||This ACER1 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 236-263 amino acids from the C-terminal region of human ACER1.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein A column, followed by peptide affinity purification.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||ACER1 Antibody (C-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Hydrolyzes the sphingolipid ceramide into sphingosine and free fatty acid at an optimal pH of 8.0. Has a highly restricted substrate specificity for the natural stereoisomer of ceramide with D-erythro-sphingosine but not D-ribo- phytosphingosine or D-erythro-dihydrosphingosine as a backbone. May have a role in regulating the levels of bioactive lipids ceramide and sphingosine 1-phosphate, as well as complex sphingolipids (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Mainly expressed in epidermis.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Ceramides are synthesized during epidermal differentiation and accumulate within the interstices of the stratum corneum, where they represent critical components of the epidermal permeability barrier. Excess cellular ceramide can trigger antimitogenic signals and induce apoptosis, and the ceramide metabolites sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) are important bioregulatory molecules. Ceramide hydrolysis in the nucleated cell layers regulates keratinocyte proliferation and apoptosis in response to external stress. Ceramide hydrolysis also occurs at the stratum corneum, releasing free sphingoid base that functions as an endogenous antimicrobial agent. ACER1 is highly expressed in epidermis and catalyzes the hydrolysis of very long chain ceramides to generate sphingosine (Houben et al., 2006 [PubMed 16477081]; Sun et al., 2008 [PubMed 17713573]).
Sun, W., et al. J. Invest. Dermatol. 128(2):389-397(2008)
Toulza, E., et al. Genome Biol. 8 (6), R107 (2007) :
Houben, E., et al. J. Lipid Res. 47(5):1063-1070(2006)
Mao, C., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 278(33):31184-31191(2003)
Ito, M., et al. Tanpakushitsu Kakusan Koso 47 (4 SUPPL), 455-462 (2002) :
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