|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||34 KDa|
|Other Names||Single-strand selective monofunctional uracil DNA glycosylase, 322-, SMUG1|
|Format||0.01M PBS, pH 7.2, 0.1% Sodium azide, Glycerol 50%|
|Storage||Store at -20 °C.Stable for 12 months from date of receipt|
|Function||Recognizes base lesions in the genome and initiates base excision DNA repair. Acts as a monofunctional DNA glycosylase specific for uracil (U) residues in DNA with a preference for single-stranded DNA substrates. The activity is greater toward mismatches (U/G) compared to matches (U/A). Excises uracil (U), 5- formyluracil (fU) and uracil derivatives bearing an oxidized group at C5 [5-hydroxyuracil (hoU) and 5-hydroxymethyluracil (hmU)] in ssDNA and dsDNA, but not analogous cytosine derivatives (5- hydroxycytosine and 5-formylcytosine), nor other oxidized bases. The activity is damage-specific and salt-dependent. The substrate preference is the following: ssDNA > dsDNA (G pair) = dsDNA (A pair) at low salt concentration, and dsDNA (G pair) > dsDNA (A pair) > ssDNA at high salt concentration.|
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Responsible for recognizing base lesions in the genome and initiating base excision DNA repair. Acts as a monofunctional DNA glycosylase specific for uracil (U) residues in DNA and has a preference for single-stranded DNA substrates. The activity is greater against mismatches (U/G) than against matches (U/A). Excised uracil (U), 5-formyluracil (fU) and uracil derivatives bearing an oxidized group at C5 [5-hydroxyuracil (hoU) and 5- hydroxymethyluracil (hmU)] in ssDNA and dsDNA but not analogous cytosine derivatives (5-hydroxycytosine and 5-formylcytosine) and other oxidized damage. The activity is damage specificity and salt concentration-dependent. The general order of the preference for ssDNA and dsDNA is the following: ssDNA > dsDNA (G pair) = dsDNA (A pair) at the low salt concentration. At the high concentration dsDNA (G pair) > dsDNA (A pair) > ssDNA.
Haushalter K.A.,et al.Curr. Biol. 9:174-185(1999).
Masaoka A.,et al.Biochemistry 42:5003-5012(2003).
Ota T.,et al.Nat. Genet. 36:40-45(2004).
Suzuki Y.,et al.Submitted (APR-2005) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
Mural R.J.,et al.Submitted (JUL-2005) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
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