- CITATIONS: 9
|Application ||WB, IHC-P, E|
|Other Accession||O35793, O60565|
|Calculated MW||20710 Da|
|Antigen Region||147-175 aa|
|Other Names||Gremlin-1, Cysteine knot superfamily 1, BMP antagonist 1, Down-regulated in Mos-transformed cells protein, Grem1, Cktsf1b1, Drm|
|Target/Specificity||This GREMLIN antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 147-175 amino acids from the C-terminal region of mouse GREMLIN.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is prepared by Saturated Ammonium Sulfate (SAS) precipitation followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||GREMLIN Antibody (C-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Cytokine that may play an important role during carcinogenesis and metanephric kidney organogenesis, as BMP a antagonist required for early limb outgrowth and patterning in maintaining the FGF4-SHH feedback loop. Down-regulates the BMP4 signaling in a dose-dependent manner. Acts as inhibitor of monocyte chemotaxis.|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in spleen and to a lesser extent in lung, skeletal muscle and kidney. Expressed only in non- transformed cells or primary fibroblasts in culture but not in established transformed or tumor derived cell lines. Broadly expressed in limb bud mesenchyme but restricted to the distal limb bud mesenchyme and concentrated posteriorly. Expressed in ovary especially in granulosa cells of follicles of type 4|
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
GREMLIN is a member of the BMP (bone morphogenic protein) antagonist family. Like BMPs, BMP antagonists contain cystine knots and typically form homo- and heterodimers. The CAN (cerberus and dan) subfamily of BMP antagonists, to which this gene belongs, is characterized by a C-terminal cystine knot with an eight-membered ring. The antagonistic effect of the secreted glycosylated protein encoded by this gene is likely due to its direct binding to BMP proteins. As an antagonist of BMP, this gene may play a role in regulating organogenesis, body patterning, and tissue differentiation. In mouse, this protein has been shown to relay the sonic hedgehog (SHH) signal from the polarizing region to the apical ectodermal ridge during limb bud outgrowth.
Chen, B., et al., J. Immunol. 173(10):5914-5917 (2004). Chen, B., et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 295(5):1135-1141 (2002). McMahon, R., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 275(14):9901-9904 (2000). Murphy, M., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 274(9):5830-5834 (1999). Hsu, D.R., et al., Mol. Cell 1(5):673-683 (1998).
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