|Application ||WB, IHC-P, E|
|Calculated MW||71106 Da|
|Antigen Region||1-30 aa|
|Other Names||Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2-alpha kinase 1, Heme-controlled repressor, HCR, Heme-regulated eukaryotic initiation factor eIF-2-alpha kinase, Heme-regulated inhibitor, Hemin-sensitive initiation factor 2-alpha kinase, EIF2AK1, HRI, KIAA1369|
|Target/Specificity||This HRI antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 1-30 amino acids from the N-terminal region of human HRI.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is prepared by Saturated Ammonium Sulfate (SAS) precipitation followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||HRI Antibody (N-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Inhibits protein synthesis at the translation initiation level, in response to various stress conditions, including oxidative stress, heme deficiency, osmotic shock and heat shock. Exerts its function through the phosphorylation of EIF2S1 at 'Ser- 48' and 'Ser-51', thus preventing its recycling. Binds hemin forming a 1:1 complex through a cysteine thiolate and histidine nitrogenous coordination. This binding occurs with moderate affinity, allowing it to sense the heme concentration within the cell. Thanks to this unique heme-sensing capacity, plays a crucial role to shut off protein synthesis during acute heme-deficient conditions. In red blood cells (RBCs), controls hemoglobin synthesis ensuring a coordinated regulation of the synthesis of its heme and globin moieties. Thus plays an essential protective role for RBC survival in anemias of iron deficiency. Similarly, in hepatocytes, involved in heme-mediated translational control of CYP2B and CYP3A and possibly other hepatic P450 cytochromes. May also contain ER stress during acute heme-deficient conditions (By similarity).|
|Tissue Location||Expressed predominantly in erythroid cells. At much lower levels, expressed in hepatocytes (at protein level)|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The HRI gene is localized to 7p22 where its 3' end slightly overlaps the 3' end of the gene JTV1. The two genes are transcribed from opposite strands. Studies in rat and rabbit suggest that the HRI gene product phosphorylates the alpha subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 2. Its kinase activity is induced by low levels of heme and inhibited by the presence of heme.
Rafie-Kolpin, M., et al., Biochemistry 42(21):6536-6544 (2003).
Chen, J.J., et al., Trends Biochem. Sci. 20(3):105-108 (1995).
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