|Application ||WB, IF, ICC, E|
|Other Accession||AAG30288, 11096303|
|Calculated MW||165866 Da|
|Application Notes||NALP1 antibody can be used for detection of NALP1 by Western blot at 1 to 4 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunocytochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||NALP1 Antibody: NAC, CARD7, CIDED, NALP1, SLEV1, DEFCAP, PP1044, VAMAS1, CLR17.1, DEFCAP-L/S, KIAA0926, NAC, NACHT, LRR and PYD domains-containing protein 1, Caspase recruitment domain-containing protein 7, NLR family, pyrin domain containing 1|
|Reconstitution & Storage||NALP1 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||NALP1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||As the sensor component of the NLRP1 inflammasome, plays a crucial role in innate immunity and inflammation. In response to pathogens and other damage-associated signals, initiates the formation of the inflammasome polymeric complex, made of NLRP1, CASP1, and possibly PYCARD. Recruitment of proCASP1 to the inflammasome promotes its activation and CASP1-catalyzed IL1B and IL18 maturation and secretion in the extracellular milieu. Activation of NLRP1 inflammasome is also required for HMGB1 secretion. The active cytokines and HMGB1 stimulate inflammatory responses. Inflammasomes can also induce pyroptosis, an inflammatory form of programmed cell death (PubMed:22665479, PubMed:17418785). May be activated by muramyl dipeptide (MDP), a fragment of bacterial peptidoglycan, in a NOD2-dependent manner (PubMed:18511561). Contrary to its mouse ortholog, not activated by Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin (PubMed:19651869). It is unclear whether isoform 2 is involved in inflammasome formation. It is not cleaved within the FIIND domain, does not assemble into specks, nor promote IL1B release (PubMed:22665479). However, in an vitro cell-free system, it has been shown to be activated by MDP (PubMed:17349957). Binds ATP (PubMed:11113115, PubMed:15212762).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytosol. Cytoplasm. Inflammasome Nucleus. Note=Nucleocytoplasmic distribution in lymphoid organs (probably in T-cells) and in neurons. In epithelial cells, predominantly cytoplasmic|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed (PubMed:11113115, PubMed:17164409). Abundantly expressed in primary immune cells (isoform 1 and isoform 2), including in neutrophils, monocytes/macrophages, dendritic cells (mostly Langerhans cells), and B- and T-lymphocytes (at protein level) (PubMed:15285719, PubMed:17164409). Strongly expressed in epithelial cells lining the glandular epithelium, such as that of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, small intestine, colon), the respiratory tract (trachea and bronchi), and the endometrial and endocervical glands, gallbladder, prostate, and breast (at protein level). In testis, expressed in spermatogonia and primary spermatocytes, but not in Sertoli cells (at protein level). In the brain, expressed in neurons, in particular in pyramidal ones and in oligodendrocytes, but not detected in microglia (at protein level) (PubMed:17164409). Expressed in adult and fetal ocular tissues, including in adult and 24-week old fetal choroid, sclera, cornea, and optic nerve, as well as in adult retina and fetal retina/retinal pigment epithelium (PubMed:23349227)|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
NALP1 Antibody: NALP1 belongs to a family of cytoplasmic proteins that have been implicated in cell responses to apoptotic and inflammatory stimuli. It contains a caspase recruitment domain (CARD) in addition to a NACHT domain and leucine rich repeat (LRR). This protein interacts strongly with caspase 2 and weakly with caspase 9, as well as with Apaf-1. Transient overexpression of this gene in cultured cells was sufficient to induce apoptosis. NALP1 mRNA and protein expression levels in myeloid leukemia cells are increased following CREB (cAMP-response element binding protein) activation, suggesting that NALP1 may contribute to modulate the response of these cells to pro-inflammatory stimuli. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been found for NALP1.
NALP1 antibody can be stored at 4˚C, stable for one year. Tschopp J, Martinon F, and Burns K. NALPs: a novel protein family involved in inflammation. Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 2003; 4:95-104.
Chu ZL, Pio F, Xie Z, et al. A novel enhancer of the Apaf1 apoptosome involved in cytochrome c-dependent caspase activation and apoptosis. J. Biol. Chem. 2001; 276:9239-45.
Hlaing T, Guo RF, Dilley KA, et al. Molecular cloning and characterization of DEFCAP-L and -S, two isoforms of a novel member of the Ced-4 family of apoptosis proteins. J. Biol. Chem. 2001; 276:9230-8.
Sanz C, Calasanz MJ, Andreu E, et al. NALP1 is a transcriptional target for cAMP-response-element-binding protein (CREB) in myeloid leukemia cells. Biochem. J. 2004; 384:281-6.
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