|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_001158, 331|
|Calculated MW||Predicted: 55 kDa |
Observed: 53 kDa
|Application Notes||XIAP antibody can be used for the detection of XIAP by Western blot at 0.5 to 2 μg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 2 μg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 10 μg/mL.|
|Other Names||XIAP Antibody: API3, ILP1, MIHA, XLP2, BIRC4, IAP-3, hIAP3, hIAP-3, API3, IAP3, E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase XIAP, Baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 4, ILP, X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis|
|Target/Specificity||XIAP antibody was raised against a synthetic peptide corresponding to 13 amino acids at the C-terminus of human XIAP.|
The immunogen is located within amino acids 420 - 470 of XIAP.
|Reconstitution & Storage||XIAP antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||XIAP Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||API3, BIRC4, IAP3|
|Function||Multi-functional protein which regulates not only caspases and apoptosis, but also modulates inflammatory signaling and immunity, copper homeostasis, mitogenic kinase signaling, cell proliferation, as well as cell invasion and metastasis. Acts as a direct caspase inhibitor. Directly bind to the active site pocket of CASP3 and CASP7 and obstructs substrate entry. Inactivates CASP9 by keeping it in a monomeric, inactive state. Acts as an E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase regulating NF-kappa-B signaling and the target proteins for its E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase activity include: RIPK1, CASP3, CASP7, CASP8, CASP9, MAP3K2/MEKK2, DIABLO/SMAC, AIFM1, CCS and BIRC5/survivin. Ubiquitinion of CCS leads to enhancement of its chaperone activity toward its physiologic target, SOD1, rather than proteasomal degradation. Ubiquitinion of MAP3K2/MEKK2 and AIFM1 does not lead to proteasomal degradation. Plays a role in copper homeostasis by ubiquitinationg COMMD1 and promoting its proteasomal degradation. Can also function as E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase of the NEDD8 conjugation pathway, targeting effector caspases for neddylation and inactivation. Regulates the BMP signaling pathway and the SMAD and MAP3K7/TAK1 dependent pathways leading to NF-kappa-B and JNK activation. Acts as an important regulator of innate immune signaling via regulation of Nodlike receptors (NLRs). Protects cells from spontaneous formation of the ripoptosome, a large multi-protein complex that has the capability to kill cancer cells in a caspase-dependent and caspase-independent manner. Suppresses ripoptosome formation by ubiquitinating RIPK1 and CASP8. Acts as a positive regulator of Wnt signaling and ubiquitinates TLE1, TLE2, TLE3, TLE4 and AES. Ubiquitination of TLE3 results in inhibition of its interaction with TCF7L2/TCF4 thereby allowing efficient recruitment and binding of the transcriptional coactivator beta- catenin to TCF7L2/TCF4 that is required to initiate a Wnt-specific transcriptional program.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=TLE3 promotes its nuclear localization|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitous, except peripheral blood leukocytes|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
XIAP Antibody: Apoptosis, or programmed cell death, is related to many diseases, such as cancer. Apoptosis is triggered by a variety of stimuli including members in the TNF family and can be prevented by the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) proteins. IAP proteins form a conserved gene family that binds to and inhibits cell death proteases. The X-chromosome linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) contains 3 baculoviral IAP repeat (BIR) motifs that are essential and sufficient for the binding and inhibition of caspases-3, -7, and -9. Upregulation of XIAP expression can protect cells from apoptosis induced by low level radiation; conversely, decreased XIAP expression by antisense targeting resulted in increased cell death following low level radiation. Two negative regulators, termed XAF-1 and Smac, can bind and inhibit XIAP activity.
Schimmer AD. Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins: translating basic knowledge into clinical practice. Cancer Res. 2004; 64:7183-90.
Deveraux QL, Takahashi R, Savesan GS, et al. X-linked IAP is a direct inhibitor of cell-death proteases. Nature 1997; 388:300-4.
Deveraux QL, Leo E, Stennicke HR, et al. Cleavage of human inhibitor of apoptosis protein XIAP results in fragments with distinct specificities for caspases. EMBO J. 1999; 18:5242-51.
Holcik M, Yeh C, Korneluk RG, et al. Translational upregulation of X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP) increases resistance to radiation induced cell death. Oncogene 2000; 19:4174-7.
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