|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_005903, 119508433|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||36943 Da|
|Application Notes||MC4R antibody can be used for detection of MC4R by Western blot at 1 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 2.5 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||MC4R antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||MC4R Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor specific to the heptapeptide core common to adrenocorticotropic hormone and alpha-, beta-, and gamma-MSH. Plays a central role in energy homeostasis and somatic growth. This receptor is mediated by G proteins that stimulate adenylate cyclase (cAMP).|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.|
|Tissue Location||Brain, placental, and gut tissues.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
MC4R Antibody: The melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) is a member of the superfamily of seven transmembrane G-protein coupled receptors that are involved in multiple signal transduction pathways including the cAMP and MAPK signaling pathways. It is thought that the melanocortin system modulates energy expenditure and insulin sensitivity; activation of the MC4R results in the inhibition of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activity and promotes insulin signaling. MC4R-null mice display maturity onset obesity characterized by hyperphagia, increased adiposity, hyperinsulinaemia and hyperleptinaemia, suggesting that like other obesity-linked genes such as FTO, PTER, and NPC1, MC4R is a potential candidate target for the treatment of obesity.
Gantz I, Miwa H, Konda Y, et al. Molecular cloning, expression, and gene localization of a fourth melanocortin receptor. J. Biol. Chem.1993; 268:15174-9.
Vongs A, Lynn NM, and Rosenblum CI. Activation of MAP kinase by MC4-R through PI3 kinase. Regul. Pept.2004; 120:113-8.
Cone H. Anatomy and regulation of the central melanocortin system. Nat. Neurosci.2005; 8:571-8.
Chai B, Li J-Y, Zhang W, et al. Melanocartin-4 receptor activation inhibits c-Jun N-terminal kinase activity and promotes insulin signaling. Peptides2009; 30:1098-10
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