|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_036337, 188497625|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||32556 Da|
|Application Notes||HAAO antibody can be used for detection of HAAO by Western blot at 1 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 2.5 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||HAAO antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||HAAO Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Catalyzes the oxidative ring opening of 3- hydroxyanthranilate to 2-amino-3-carboxymuconate semialdehyde, which spontaneously cyclizes to quinolinate.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
HAAO Antibody: HAAO (3-Hydroxyanthranilate 3, 4-dioxygenase) is a monomeric cytosolic protein of the family of intramolecular dioxygenases containing non-heme ferrous iron. It is widely distributed in peripheral organs, such as liver and kidney, and is present in low amounts in the central nervous system. This enzyme participates in tryptophan metabolism. It employs one cofactor, iron. HAAO catalyzes the synthesis of quinolinic acid (QUIN) from 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid. QUIN is an excitotoxin whose toxicity is mediated by its ability to activate glutamate N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. Increased cerebral levels of QUIN may participate in the pathogenesis of neurological and inflammatory disorders. HAAO has been suggested to play a role in disorders associated with altered tissue levels of QUIN. Furthermore, recent study shows that HAAO are excellent candidate biomarkers for detecting ovarian cancer.
Decker RH, Kang HH, Leach FR, et al. Purification and properties of 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid oxidase. J. Biol. Chem.1961; 236:3076-82.
Huang YW, Jansen RA, Fabbri E, et al. Identification of candidate epigenetic biomarkers for ovarian cancer detection. Oncol. Rep.2009; 22:853-61.
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