|Application ||WB, IHC-P, E|
|Other Accession||NP_001138847, 224451107|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||29322 Da|
|Application Notes||ALKBH2 antibody can be used for detection of ALKBH2 by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||ALKBH2 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||ALKBH2 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Dioxygenase that repairs alkylated DNA and RNA containing 1-methyladenine and 3-methylcytosine by oxidative demethylation. Can also repair alkylated DNA containing 1- ethenoadenine (in vitro). Has strong preference for double- stranded DNA. Has low efficiency with single-stranded substrates. Requires molecular oxygen, alpha-ketoglutarate and iron.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Note=Detected in replication foci during S-phase|
|Tissue Location||Detected in colon, small intestine, ovary, testis, prostate, skeletal muscle, heart, liver and urinary bladder.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
ALKBH2 Antibody: The E. coli AlkB protein protects against the cytotoxicity of methylating agents by repair of the specific DNA lesions generated in single-stranded DNA; ALKBH2 and ALKBH3 are mammalian homologs of AlkB that catalyze the removal of 1-methyladenine and 3-methylcytosine, modifications that left unchecked could lead to cancerous cells. Mutations in both ALKBH2 and ALKBH3 have been observed in pediatric brain tumors indicating that these proteins are important in the prevention of cancer formation. Like the histone demethylase JMJD1A, ALKBH2 is a non-heme iron enzyme that is inhibited by Nickel ions, suggesting that inhibition of ALKBH2 by Nickel ions may play a role in the development of cancer. Conversely, ALKBH2 mRNA and protein levels are increased glioma cells following Photofrin-mediated photodynamic therapy, an adjuvant therapy in cancer treatment, suggesting that down-regulating ALKBH2 expression in cancer cells may enhance the anti-cancer effectiveness of this treatment.
Duncan T, Trewick SC, Koivisto P, et al. Reversal of DNA alkylation damage by two human dioxygenases. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA2002; 99:16660-5.
Cetica V, Genitori L, Giunti L, et al. Pediatric brain tumors: mutations of two dioxygenases (hABH2 and hABH3) that directly repair alkylation damage. J. Neurooncol.2009; 195-201.
Chen H, Giri NC, Zhang R, et al. Nickel ions inhibit histone demethylase JMJD1A and DNA repair enzyme ABH2 by replacing the ferrous iron in the catalytic centers. J. Biol. Chem.2010; 285:7374-83.
Lee SY, Luk SK, Chuang CP, et al. TP53 regulates human AlkB homologue 2 expression in glioma resistance to Photofrin-mediated photodynamic therapy. Br. J. Cancer2010; 103:362-9.
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