|Other Names||Glutamate decarboxylase 2, 65 kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase, GAD-65, Glutamate decarboxylase 65 kDa isoform, GAD2, GAD65|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Catalyzes the production of GABA.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytosol. Cytoplasmic vesicle. Cell junction, synapse, presynaptic cell membrane; Lipid-anchor. Golgi apparatus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein; Cytoplasmic side. Note=Associated to cytoplasmic vesicles. In neurons, cytosolic leaflet of Golgi membranes and presynaptic clusters|
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This gene encodes one of several forms of glutamic aciddecarboxylase, identified as a major autoantigen ininsulin-dependent diabetes. The enzyme encoded is responsible forcatalyzing the production of gamma-aminobutyric acid fromL-glutamic acid. A pathogenic role for this enzyme has beenidentified in the human pancreas since it has been identified as anautoantibody and an autoreactive T cell target in insulin-dependentdiabetes. This gene may also play a role in the stiff man syndrome.Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants thatencode the same protein.
Bailey, S.D., et al. Diabetes Care 33(10):2250-2253(2010)Jia, P., et al. Schizophr. Res. 122 (1-3), 38-42 (2010) :Ruano, G., et al. Pharmacogenomics 11(7):959-971(2010)Pinheiro, A.P., et al. Am. J. Med. Genet. B Neuropsychiatr. Genet. 153B (5), 1070-1080 (2010) :Jugessur, A., et al. PLoS ONE 5 (7), E11493 (2010) :
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