|Other Names||Dual oxidase 2, 1111-, Large NOX 2, Long NOX 2, NADH/NADPH thyroid oxidase p138-tox, NADPH oxidase/peroxidase DUOX2, NADPH thyroid oxidase 2, Thyroid oxidase 2, p138 thyroid oxidase, DUOX2, LNOX2, THOX2|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Generates hydrogen peroxide which is required for the activity of thyroid peroxidase/TPO and lactoperoxidase/LPO. Plays a role in thyroid hormones synthesis and lactoperoxidase-mediated antimicrobial defense at the surface of mucosa. May have its own peroxidase activity through its N-terminal peroxidase-like domain.|
|Cellular Location||Apical cell membrane; Multi- pass membrane protein. Cell junction. Note=Localizes to the apical membrane of epithelial cells. Localizes on internal membrane structures under resting conditions, translocates to the plasma membrane and cell-cell junctions upon challenge with enteric pathogens, such as Escherichia coli|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in colon, small intestine, duodenum and tracheal surface epithelial cells (at protein level) Expressed in thyrocytes. Also detected in kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, prostate, salivary glands, rectum and testis|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The protein encoded by this gene is a glycoprotein and amember of the NADPH oxidase family. The synthesis of thyroidhormone is catalyzed by a protein complex located at the apicalmembrane of thyroid follicular cells. This complex contains aniodide transporter, thyroperoxidase, and a peroxide generatingsystem that includes this encoded protein and DUOX1. This proteinis known as dual oxidase because it has both a peroxidase homologydomain and a gp91phox domain.
Bailey, S.D., et al. Diabetes Care 33(10):2250-2253(2010)Salmeen, A., et al. Oncogene 29(31):4473-4484(2010)Linderholm, A.L., et al. Am. J. Physiol. Lung Cell Mol. Physiol. 299 (2), L215-L221 (2010) :Roberts, K.E., et al. Gastroenterology 139(1):130-139(2010)Hill, T. III, et al. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 395(2):270-274(2010)
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