|Other Names||Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1, PD-L1, PDCD1 ligand 1, Programmed death ligand 1, B7 homolog 1, B7-H1, CD274, CD274, B7H1, PDCD1L1, PDCD1LG1, PDL1|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Plays a critical role in induction and maintenance of immune tolerance to self. As a ligand for the inhibitory receptor PDCD1/CD279, modulates the activation threshold of T-cells and limits T-cell effector response (PubMed:11015443). The PDCD1/CD279-mediated inhibitory pathway is exploited by tumors to attenuate anti-tumor immunity and facilitate tumor survival (PubMed:28813417, PubMed:28813410). Through a yet unknown activating receptor, may costimulate T-cell subsets that predominantly produce interleukin-10 (IL10) (PubMed:10581077).|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Early endosome membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Recycling endosome membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Associates with CMTM6 at recycling endosomes, where it is protected from being targeted for lysosomal degradation. Isoform 2: Endomembrane system; Single-pass type I membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in the heart, skeletal muscle, placenta and lung. Weakly expressed in the thymus, spleen, kidney and liver. Expressed on activated T- and B-cells, dendritic cells, keratinocytes and monocytes.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Involved in the costimulatory signal, essential for T-cell proliferation and production of IL10 and IFNG, in an IL2-dependent and a PDCD1-independent manner. Interaction with PDCD1 inhibits T-cell proliferation and cytokine production.
Berthon, C., et al. Cancer Immunol. Immunother. 59(12):1839-1849(2010)Dianzani, C., et al. J. Immunol. 185(7):3970-3979(2010)Shimada, M., et al. Hum. Genet. 128(4):433-441(2010)Alvarez, I.B., et al. J. Infect. Dis. 202(4):524-532(2010)Francisco, L.M., et al. Immunol. Rev. 236, 219-242 (2010) :
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