|Other Names||Protein lin-28 homolog B, Lin-28B, LIN28B, CSDD2|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP1485a was selected from the N-term region of human LIN28B. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Acts as a suppressor of microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis by specifically binding the precursor let-7 (pre-let-7), a miRNA precursor. Acts by binding pre-let-7 and recruiting ZCCHC11/TUT4 uridylyltransferase, leading to the terminal uridylation of pre- let-7. Uridylated pre-let-7 miRNAs fail to be processed by Dicer and undergo degradation. Specifically recognizes the 5'-GGAG-3' motif in the terminal loop of pre-let-7. Also recognizes and binds non pre-let-7 pre-miRNAs that contain the 5'-GGAG-3' motif in the terminal loop, leading to their terminal uridylation and subsequent degradation. Mediates MYC-mediated let-7 repression. Isoform 1, when overexpressed, stimulates growth of the breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7. Isoform 2 has no effect on cell growth.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Predominantly cytoplasmic at G1 phase, accumulates in the nucleus in S and G2 phases. The frequency of nuclear localization in S and in G2 phases is 60% and 30%, respectively|
|Tissue Location||High expression in testis, fetal liver, placenta and in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Isoform 1 is only detected in moderately and poorly differentiated HCC tissues and placenta (at protein level). Isoform 2 is detected in fetal liver, non-tumor liver tissues, as well as well-differentiated tumor tissues (at protein level).|
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Lin-28 homolog B (LIN28B) is overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma. The heterochronic gene lin-28 is a key regulator of developmental timing in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Similar with lin-28 proteins, LIN28B conserves a cold shock domain and a pair of CCHC zinc finger domains. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that they might arise as a result of duplication from an ancestral gene. Overexpression of LIN28B was noted in most HCC cell lines and clinical samples. A short LIN28B isoform was also identified in non-tumor liver tissue and fetal liver. Although predominantly localized in the cytoplasm, LIN28B protein shows cell cycle-dependent nuclear translocation in Huh7 cells. Induced expression of exogenous LIN28B in a tet-off cell line promoted cancer cell proliferation.
Guo,Y., Gene 384, 51-61 (2006)
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