|Other Names||Microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3B, Autophagy-related protein LC3 B, Autophagy-related ubiquitin-like modifier LC3 B, MAP1 light chain 3-like protein 2, MAP1A/MAP1B light chain 3 B, MAP1A/MAP1B LC3 B, Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta, MAP1LC3B, MAP1ALC3|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP1803a was selected from homologous region of human LV3 isoforms a and b (APG8a/b). A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Ubiquitin-like modifier involved in formation of autophagosomal vacuoles (autophagosomes). Plays a role in mitophagy which contributes to regulate mitochondrial quantity and quality by eliminating the mitochondria to a basal level to fulfill cellular energy requirements and preventing excess ROS production. Whereas LC3s are involved in elongation of the phagophore membrane, the GABARAP/GATE-16 subfamily is essential for a later stage in autophagosome maturation. Promotes primary ciliogenesis by removing OFD1 from centriolar satellites via the autophagic pathway.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Endomembrane system; Lipid-anchor. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome membrane; Lipid-anchor. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome Note=LC3-II binds to the autophagic membranes. Localizes also to discrete punctae along the ciliary axoneme (By similarity)|
|Tissue Location||Most abundant in heart, brain, skeletal muscle and testis. Little expression observed in liver|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Autophagy is a process of intracellular bulk degradation in which cytoplasmic components including organelles are sequestered within double-membrane vesicles that deliver the contents to the lysosome/vacuole for degradation. There are three primary forms of autophagy: chaperone-mediated autophagy, microautophagy and macroautophagy. During macroautophagy, the sequestering vesicles, termed autophagosomes, fuse with the lysosome or vacuole resulting in the delivery of an inner vesicle (autophagic body) into the lumen of the degradative compartment. There are 16 proteins participating in autophagy pathway in human (http://ca.expasy.org/cgi-bin/get-entries? KW=Autophagy&view=tree). Abgent?s exclusive product line for autophagy research, 2-4 epitopes for each protein, provides antibodies against each protein in the pathway.
Baehrecke EH. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 6(6):505-10. (2005) Lum JJ, et al. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 6(6):439-48. (2005) Greenberg JT. Dev Cell. 8(6):799-801. (2005) Levine B. Cell. 120(2):159-62. (2005) Shintani T and Klionsky DJ. Science. 306(5698):990-5. (2004)Tanida I., et al. Int. J. Biochem. Cell Biol. 36:2503-2518(2004)He H., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 278:29278-29287(2003) Tanida I., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 279:36268-36276(2004)
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