|Other Accession||B2DD29, Q5RJI5, NP_115806.1|
|Other Names||Serine/threonine-protein kinase BRSK1, Brain-selective kinase 1, Brain-specific serine/threonine-protein kinase 1, BR serine/threonine-protein kinase 1, Serine/threonine-protein kinase SAD-B, Synapses of Amphids Defective homolog 1, SAD1 homolog, hSAD1, BRSK1, KIAA1811, SAD1, SADB|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence is selected from aa 370-384 of HUMAN BRSK1|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||KIAA1811, SAD1, SADB|
|Function||Serine/threonine-protein kinase that plays a key role in polarization of neurons and centrosome duplication. Phosphorylates CDC25B, CDC25C, MAPT/TAU, RIMS1, TUBG1, TUBG2 and WEE1. Following phosphorylation and activation by STK11/LKB1, acts as a key regulator of polarization of cortical neurons, probably by mediating phosphorylation of microtubule-associated proteins such as MAPT/TAU at 'Thr-529' and 'Ser-579'. Also regulates neuron polarization by mediating phosphorylation of WEE1 at 'Ser-642' in post-mitotic neurons, leading to down-regulate WEE1 activity in polarized neurons. In neurons, localizes to synaptic vesicles and plays a role in neurotransmitter release, possibly by phosphorylating RIMS1. Also acts as a positive regulator of centrosome duplication by mediating phosphorylation of gamma- tubulin (TUBG1 and TUBG2) at 'Ser-131', leading to translocation of gamma-tubulin and its associated proteins to the centrosome. Involved in the UV-induced DNA damage checkpoint response, probably by inhibiting CDK1 activity through phosphorylation and activation of WEE1, and inhibition of CDC25B and CDC25C.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Cell junction, synapse. Note=Localizes to synaptic vesicles in neurons (By similarity). Nuclear in the absence of DNA damage. Translocated to the nucleus in response to UV- or MMS- induced DNA damage.|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed, with highest levels in brain and testis. Protein levels remain constant throughout the cell cycle.|
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Required for the polarization of forebrain neurons which endows axons and dendrites with distinct properties, possibly by locally regulating phosphorylation of microtubule-associated proteins (By similarity). May be involved in the regulation of G2/M arrest in response to UV-or methyl methane sulfonate (MMS)-induced, but not IR-induced, DNA damage. Phosphorylates WEE1 and CDC25B in vitro and CDC25C in vitro and in vivo.
Alvarado-Kristensson, M., et al. Nat. Cell Biol. 11(9):1081-1092(2009)
He, C., et al. Nat. Genet. (2009) In press :
Stolk, L., et al. Nat. Genet. (2009) In press :
Fogarty, S., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 284(1):77-84(2009)
Bright, N.J., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 283(22):14946-14954(2008)
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