|Other Names||Gem-associated protein 4, Gemin-4, Component of gems 4, p97, GEMIN4|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence is selected from aa 288-301 of HUMAN GEMIN4|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||The SMN complex plays a catalyst role in the assembly of small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), the building blocks of the spliceosome. Thereby, plays an important role in the splicing of cellular pre-mRNAs. Most spliceosomal snRNPs contain a common set of Sm proteins SNRPB, SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPD3, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG that assemble in a heptameric protein ring on the Sm site of the small nuclear RNA to form the core snRNP. In the cytosol, the Sm proteins SNRPD1, SNRPD2, SNRPE, SNRPF and SNRPG are trapped in an inactive 6S pICln-Sm complex by the chaperone CLNS1A that controls the assembly of the core snRNP. Dissociation by the SMN complex of CLNS1A from the trapped Sm proteins and their transfer to an SMN-Sm complex triggers the assembly of core snRNPs and their transport to the nucleus.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Nucleus, nucleolus. Nucleus, gem. Note=Localized in subnuclear structures next to coiled bodies, called gems, which are highly enriched in spliceosomal snRNPs and in the nucleolus|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The product of this gene is part of a large complex localized to the cytoplasm, nucleoli, and to discrete nuclear bodies called Gemini bodies (gems). The complex functions in spliceosomal snRNP assembly in the cytoplasm, and regenerates spliceosomes required for pre-mRNA splicing in the nucleus. The encoded protein directly interacts with a DEAD box protein and several spliceosome core proteins. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described, but their biological validity has not been determined.
Kim, J.S., et al. Mol. Carcinog. 49(10):913-921(2010)
Wilker, E.H., et al. Environ. Health Perspect. 118(7):943-948(2010)
Boni, V., et al. Pharmacogenomics J. (2010) In press :
Clague, J., et al. Mol. Carcinog. 49(2):183-189(2010)
Ye, Y., et al. Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 1(6):460-469(2008)
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