|Other Names||Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 4, Deubiquitinating enzyme 4, Ubiquitin thioesterase 4, Ubiquitin-specific-processing protease 4, Ubiquitous nuclear protein homolog, USP4, UNP, UNPH|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP2133c was selected from the Center region of human USP4 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Hydrolase that deubiquitinates target proteins such as the receptor ADORA2A, PDPK1 and TRIM21. Deubiquitination of ADORA2A increases the amount of functional receptor at the cell surface. May regulate mRNA splicing through deubiquitination of the U4 spliceosomal protein PRPF3. This may prevent its recognition by the U5 component PRPF8 thereby destabilizing interactions within the U4/U6.U5 snRNP. May also play a role in the regulation of quality control in the ER.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus Note=Shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm. Exported to the cytoplasm in a CRM1-dependent manner and recycled back to the nucleus via the importin alpha/beta heterodimeric import receptor The relative amounts found in the nucleus and cytoplasm vary according to the cell type.|
|Tissue Location||Overexpressed in small cell tumors and adenocarcinomas of the lung compared to wild-type lung (at protein level). Expressed in the hippocampal neurons|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Modification of target proteins by ubiquitin participates in a wide array of biological functions. Proteins destined for degradation or processing via the 26 S proteasome are coupled to multiple copies of ubiquitin. However, attachment of ubiquitin or ubiquitin-related molecules may also result in changes in subcellular distribution or modification of protein activity. An additional level of ubiquitin regulation, deubiquitination, is catalyzed by proteases called deubiquitinating enzymes, which fall into four distinct families. Ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolases, ubiquitin-specific processing proteases (USPs),1 OTU-domain ubiquitin-aldehyde-binding proteins, and Jab1/Pad1/MPN-domain-containing metallo-enzymes. Among these four families, USPs represent the most widespread and represented deubiquitinating enzymes across evolution. USPs tend to release ubiquitin from a conjugated protein. They display similar catalytic domains containing conserved Cys and His boxes but divergent N-terminal and occasionally C-terminal extensions, which are thought to function in substrate recognition, subcellular localization, and protein-protein interactions.
Frederick, A., et al., Oncogene 16(2):153-165 (1998).Gray, D.A., et al., Oncogene 10(11):2179-2183 (1995).
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