|Other Names||Aurora kinase A, Aurora 2, Aurora/IPL1-related kinase 1, ARK-1, Aurora-related kinase 1, hARK1, Breast tumor-amplified kinase, Serine/threonine-protein kinase 15, Serine/threonine-protein kinase 6, Serine/threonine-protein kinase aurora-A, AURKA|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP3030a was selected from the region encoding phosphorylated tyrosine at position 288 of human Aura. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Mitotic serine/threonine kinases that contributes to the regulation of cell cycle progression. Associates with the centrosome and the spindle microtubules during mitosis and plays a critical role in various mitotic events including the establishment of mitotic spindle, centrosome duplication, centrosome separation as well as maturation, chromosomal alignment, spindle assembly checkpoint, and cytokinesis. Required for initial activation of CDK1 at centrosomes. Phosphorylates numerous target proteins, including ARHGEF2, BORA, BRCA1, CDC25B, DLGP5, HDAC6, KIF2A, LATS2, NDEL1, PARD3, PPP1R2, PLK1, RASSF1, TACC3, p53/TP53 and TPX2. Regulates KIF2A tubulin depolymerase activity. Required for normal axon formation. Plays a role in microtubule remodeling during neurite extension. Important for microtubule formation and/or stabilization. Also acts as a key regulatory component of the p53/TP53 pathway, and particularly the checkpoint-response pathways critical for oncogenic transformation of cells, by phosphorylating and stabilizing p53/TP53. Phosphorylates its own inhibitors, the protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) isoforms, to inhibit their activity. Necessary for proper cilia disassembly prior to mitosis.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle pole. Note=Detected at the neurite hillock in developing neurons (By similarity). Localizes at the centrosome in mitotic cells from early prophase until telophase, but also localizes to the spindle pole MTs from prophase to anaphase. Colocalized with SIRT2 at centrosome. Moves to the midbody during both telophase and cytokinesis. Associates with both the pericentriolar material (PCM) and centrioles.|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in testis and weakly in skeletal muscle, thymus and spleen. Also highly expressed in colon, ovarian, prostate, neuroblastoma, breast and cervical cancer cell lines|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The protein encoded by this gene is a cell cycle-regulated kinase that appears to be involved in microtubule formation and/or stabilization at the spindle pole during chromosome segregation. The encoded protein is found at the centrosome in interphase cells and at the spindle poles in mitosis. This gene may play a role in tumor development and progression. A processed pseudogene of this gene has been found on chromosome 1, and an unprocessed pseudogene has been found on chromosome 10. Multiple transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene.
Kamada, K., et al., Oncol. Rep. 12(3):593-599 (2004).Satinover, D.L., et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101(23):8625-8630 (2004).Ouchi, M., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 279(19):19643-19648 (2004).Kunitoku, N., et al., Dev. Cell 5(6):853-864 (2003).Prigent, C., et al., Cell 114(5):531-532 (2003).
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