|Other Names||Glucocorticoid receptor, GR, Nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 1, NR3C1, GRL|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor for glucocorticoids (GC) (PubMed:27120390). Has a dual mode of action: as a transcription factor that binds to glucocorticoid response elements (GRE), both for nuclear and mitochondrial DNA, and as a modulator of other transcription factors. Affects inflammatory responses, cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Involved in chromatin remodeling (PubMed:9590696). Plays a role in rapid mRNA degradation by binding to the 5' UTR of target mRNAs and interacting with PNRC2 in a ligand-dependent manner which recruits the RNA helicase UPF1 and the mRNA-decapping enzyme DCP1A, leading to RNA decay (PubMed:25775514). Could act as a coactivator for STAT5-dependent transcription upon growth hormone (GH) stimulation and could reveal an essential role of hepatic GR in the control of body growth (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Isoform Alpha: Cytoplasm. Nucleus Mitochondrion. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Note=After ligand activation, translocates from the cytoplasm to the nucleus Isoform Alpha-B: Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=After ligand activation, translocates from the cytoplasm to the nucleus|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed including bone, stomach, lung, liver, colon, breast, ovary, pancreas and kidney (PubMed:25847991). In the heart, detected in left and right atria, left and right ventricles, aorta, apex, intraventricular septum, and atrioventricular node as well as whole adult and fetal heart (PubMed:10902803). Isoform Beta: Widely expressed including brain, bone marrow, thymus, spleen, liver, kidney, pancreas, lung, fat, skeletal muscle, heart, placenta and blood leukocytes (PubMed:7769088, PubMed:8621628). Isoform Alpha-2: Expressed at low level.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
This protein is a receptor forglucocorticoids that can act as both a transcription factor and asa regulator of other transcription factors. This protein can alsobe found in heteromeric cytoplasmic complexes along with heat shockfactors and immunophilins. The protein is typically found in thecytoplasm until it binds a ligand, which induces transport into thenucleus. Mutations in this gene are a cause of glucocorticoidresistance, or cortisol, resistance.
Bosker, F.J., et al. Mol. Psychiatry (2010) Inkster, B., et al. Neuroimage (2010) In press :Geelhoed, M.J., et al. BMC Med. Genet. 11, 39 (2010) :Te Winkel, M.L., et al. Haematologica (2009) Szilagyi, K., et al. Neuro Endocrinol. Lett. 30(5):629-636(2009)
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