|Other Names||2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthase 3, (2-5')oligo(A) synthase 3, 2-5A synthase 3, p100 OAS, p100OAS, OAS3|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP6228a was selected from the C-term region of human OAS3 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Interferon-induced, dsRNA-activated antiviral enzyme which plays a critical role in cellular innate antiviral response. In addition, it may also play a role in other cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell growth, differentiation and gene regulation. Synthesizes preferentially dimers of 2'-5'- oligoadenylates (2-5A) from ATP which then bind to the inactive monomeric form of ribonuclease L (RNase L) leading to its dimerization and subsequent activation. Activation of RNase L leads to degradation of cellular as well as viral RNA, resulting in the inhibition of protein synthesis, thus terminating viral replication. Can mediate the antiviral effect via the classical RNase L-dependent pathway or an alternative antiviral pathway independent of RNase L. Displays antiviral activity against Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Dengue virus, Sindbis virus (SINV) and Semliki forest virus (SFV).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus.|
|Tissue Location||Present at high level in placenta trophoblast.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
OAS3 is an interferon inducible protein that belongs to the 2-5A synthetase family, may play a role in mediating resistance to virus infection, control of cell growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. OAS3 synthesizes preferentially dimeric 2',5'-oligoadenylate molecules. GTP can be an alternative substrate. OAS3 binds double-stranded RNA and polymerizes ATP into PPP(A2'P5'A)N oligomers, which activate the latent RNase L that, when activated, cleaves single-stranded RNAs. The protein is present at high level in placenta trophoblast.
Ito, M., et al., Cancer Res. 61(5):2038-2046 (2001).Rebouillat, D., et al., Genomics 70(2):232-240 (2000).Rebouillat, D., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 274(3):1557-1565 (1999).
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