|Other Names||UDP-glucose 4-epimerase, Galactowaldenase, UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine 4-epimerase, UDP-GalNAc 4-epimerase, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 4-epimerase, UDP-GlcNAc 4-epimerase, UDP-galactose 4-epimerase, GALE (HGNC:4116)|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP6902c was selected from the Center region of human GALE. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Catalyzes two distinct but analogous reactions: the reversible epimerization of UDP-glucose to UDP-galactose and the reversible epimerization of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to UDP-N- acetylgalactosamine. The reaction with UDP-Gal plays a critical role in the Leloir pathway of galactose catabolism in which galactose is converted to the glycolytic intermediate glucose 6- phosphate. It contributes to the catabolism of dietary galactose and enables the endogenous biosynthesis of both UDP-Gal and UDP- GalNAc when exogenous sources are limited. Both UDP-sugar interconversions are important in the synthesis of glycoproteins and glycolipids.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
UDP-galactose-4-epimerase catalyzes two distinct but analogous reactions: the epimerization of UDP-glucose to UDP-galactose, and the epimerization of UDP-N-acetylglucosamine to UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine. The bifunctional nature of the enzyme has the important metabolic consequence that mutant cells (or individuals) are dependent not only on exogenous galactose, but also on exogenous N-acetylgalactosamine as a necessary precursor for the synthesis of glycoproteins and glycolipids.
Openo,K.K., et.al., Am. J. Hum. Genet. 78 (1), 89-102 (2006)
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