|Other Names||Rho-associated protein kinase 1, Renal carcinoma antigen NY-REN-35, Rho-associated, coiled-coil-containing protein kinase 1, Rho-associated, coiled-coil-containing protein kinase I, ROCK-I, p160 ROCK-1, p160ROCK, ROCK1|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7096b was selected from the region of human ROCK1 C-term. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Protein kinase which is a key regulator of actin cytoskeleton and cell polarity. Involved in regulation of smooth muscle contraction, actin cytoskeleton organization, stress fiber and focal adhesion formation, neurite retraction, cell adhesion and motility via phosphorylation of DAPK3, GFAP, LIMK1, LIMK2, MYL9/MLC2, PFN1 and PPP1R12A. Phosphorylates FHOD1 and acts synergistically with it to promote SRC-dependent non-apoptotic plasma membrane blebbing. Phosphorylates JIP3 and regulates the recruitment of JNK to JIP3 upon UVB-induced stress. Acts as a suppressor of inflammatory cell migration by regulating PTEN phosphorylation and stability. Acts as a negative regulator of VEGF-induced angiogenic endothelial cell activation. Required for centrosome positioning and centrosome-dependent exit from mitosis. Plays a role in terminal erythroid differentiation. May regulate closure of the eyelids and ventral body wall by inducing the assembly of actomyosin bundles. Promotes keratinocyte terminal differentiation. Involved in osteoblast compaction through the fibronectin fibrillogenesis cell-mediated matrix assembly process, essential for osteoblast mineralization.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome, centriole. Golgi apparatus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cell projection, bleb. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cell membrane. Cell projection, lamellipodium. Cell projection, ruffle. Note=Associated with the mother centriole and an intercentriolar linker. Colocalizes with ITGB1BP1 and ITGB1 at the cell membrane predominantly in lamellipodia and membrane ruffles, but also in retraction fibers. Localizes at the cell membrane in an ITGB1BP1-dependent manner (By similarity). A small proportion is associated with Golgi membranes.|
|Tissue Location||Detected in blood platelets.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
ROCK1 is a protein serine/threonine kinase that is activated when bound to the GTP-bound form of Rho. The small GTPase Rho regulates formation of focal adhesions and stress fibers of fibroblasts, as well as adhesion and aggregation of platelets and lymphocytes by shuttling between the inactive GDP-bound form and the active GTP-bound form. Rho is also essential in cytokinesis and plays a role in transcriptional activation by serum response factor. ROCK, a downstream effector of Rho, phosphorylates and activates LIM kinase, which in turn, phosphorylates cofilin, inhibiting its actin-depolymerizing activity.
Mammoto, A., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 279(25):26323-26330 (2004).Oi, K., et al., Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. 24(5):918-922 (2004).Wang, D.S., et al., World J. Gastroenterol. 10(2):299-302 (2004).Dvorsky, R., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 279(8):7098-7104 (2004).Wozniak, M.A., et al., J. Cell Biol. 163(3):583-595 (2003).
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