|Other Names||Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2, CaM-KK 2, CaM-kinase kinase 2, CaMKK 2, Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase beta, CaM-KK beta, CaM-kinase kinase beta, CaMKK beta, CAMKK2, CAMKKB, KIAA0787|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7117a was selected from the N-term region of human CAMKK2. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase belonging to a proposed calcium-triggered signaling cascade involved in a number of cellular processes. Isoform 1, isoform 2 and isoform 3 phosphorylate CAMK1 and CAMK4. Isoform 3 phosphorylates CAMK1D. Isoform 4, isoform 5 and isoform 6 lacking part of the calmodulin- binding domain are inactive. Efficiently phosphorylates 5'-AMP- activated protein kinase (AMPK) trimer, including that consisting of PRKAA1, PRKAB1 and PRKAG1. This phosphorylation is stimulated in response to Ca(2+) signals (By similarity). Seems to be involved in hippocampal activation of CREB1 (By similarity). May play a role in neurite growth. Isoform 3 may promote neurite elongation, while isoform 1 may promoter neurite branching.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Cell projection. Note=Predominantly nuclear in unstimulated cells (By similarity). Found in the cytoplasm and neurites after forskolin induction.|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitously expressed with higher levels in the brain. Intermediate levels are detected in spleen, prostate, thyroid and leukocytes. The lowest level is in lung|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
CAMKK2 belongs to the Serine/Threonine protein kinase family, and to the Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase subfamily. This protein plays a role in the calcium/calmodulin-dependent (CaM) kinase cascade by phosphorylating the downstream kinases CaMK1 and CaMK4. Isoform 1, isoform 2 and isoform 3 phosphorylate CAMK1 and CAMK4. Isoform 3 phosphorylates CAMK1D. Isoform 4, isoform 5 and isoform 6 lacking part of the calmodulin-binding domain are inactive. CAMKK2 appears to be involved in hippocampal activation of CREB1.
Hsu, L.S., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 276(33):31113-31123 (2001).Hsu, L.S., et al., J. Biomed. Sci. 5(2):141-149 (1998).Anderson, K.A., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 273(48):31880-31889 (1998).Ishikawa, Y., et al., FEBS Lett. 550 (1-3), 57-63 (2003) (): ().
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