|Other Names||MAP kinase-activated protein kinase 5, MAPK-activated protein kinase 5, MAPKAP kinase 5, MAPKAP-K5, MAPKAPK-5, MK-5, MK5, p38-regulated/activated protein kinase, PRAK, MAPKAPK5, PRAK|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7216a was selected from the T182 region of human MAPKAPK5. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Tumor suppressor serine/threonine-protein kinase involved in mTORC1 signaling and post-transcriptional regulation. Phosphorylates FOXO3, ERK3/MAPK6, ERK4/MAPK4, HSP27/HSPB1, p53/TP53 and RHEB. Acts as a tumor suppressor by mediating Ras- induced senescence and phosphorylating p53/TP53. Involved in post- transcriptional regulation of MYC by mediating phosphorylation of FOXO3: phosphorylation of FOXO3 leads to promote nuclear localization of FOXO3, enabling expression of miR-34b and miR-34c, 2 post-transcriptional regulators of MYC that bind to the 3'UTR of MYC transcript and prevent MYC translation. Acts as a negative regulator of mTORC1 signaling by mediating phosphorylation and inhibition of RHEB. Part of the atypical MAPK signaling via its interaction with ERK3/MAPK6 or ERK4/MAPK4: the precise role of the complex formed with ERK3/MAPK6 or ERK4/MAPK4 is still unclear, but the complex follows a complex set of phosphorylation events: upon interaction with atypical MAPK (ERK3/MAPK6 or ERK4/MAPK4), ERK3/MAPK6 (or ERK4/MAPK4) is phosphorylated and then mediates phosphorylation and activation of MAPKAPK5, which in turn phosphorylates ERK3/MAPK6 (or ERK4/MAPK4). Mediates phosphorylation of HSP27/HSPB1 in response to PKA/PRKACA stimulation, inducing F-actin rearrangement.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Translocates to the cytoplasm following phosphorylation and activation. Interaction with ERK3/MAPK6 or ERK4/MAPK4 and phosphorylation at Thr-182, activates the protein kinase activity, followed by translocation to the cytoplasm. Phosphorylation by PKA/PRKACA at Ser-115 also induces nuclear export|
|Tissue Location||Expressed ubiquitously.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
MAPKAPK5 is a member of the serine/threonine kinase family. In response to cellular stress and proinflammatory cytokines, this kinase is activated through its phosphorylation by MAP kinases including MAPK1/ERK, MAPK14/p38-alpha, and MAPK11/p38-beta. In vitro, this kinase phosphorylates heat shock protein HSP27 at its physiologically relevant sites.
New, L., et al., EMBO J. 17(12):3372-3384 (1998).Ni, H., et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 243(2):492-496 (1998).Sudo T.,Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 269:521-525(2000).
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