|Other Names||Ephrin type-B receptor 3, EPH-like tyrosine kinase 2, EPH-like kinase 2, Embryonic kinase 2, EK2, hEK2, Tyrosine-protein kinase TYRO6, EPHB3, ETK2, HEK2, TYRO6|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP7624a was selected from the N-term region of human EphB3 . A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||ETK2, HEK2, TYRO6|
|Function||Receptor tyrosine kinase which binds promiscuously transmembrane ephrin-B family ligands residing on adjacent cells, leading to contact-dependent bidirectional signaling into neighboring cells. The signaling pathway downstream of the receptor is referred to as forward signaling while the signaling pathway downstream of the ephrin ligand is referred to as reverse signaling. Generally has an overlapping and redundant function with EPHB2. Like EPHB2, functions in axon guidance during development regulating for instance the neurons forming the corpus callosum and the anterior commissure, 2 major interhemispheric connections between the temporal lobes of the cerebral cortex. In addition to its role in axon guidance plays also an important redundant role with other ephrin-B receptors in development and maturation of dendritic spines and the formation of excitatory synapses. Controls other aspects of development through regulation of cell migration and positioning. This includes angiogenesis, palate development and thymic epithelium development for instance. Forward and reverse signaling through the EFNB2/EPHB3 complex also regulate migration and adhesion of cells that tubularize the urethra and septate the cloaca. Finally, plays an important role in intestinal epithelium differentiation segregating progenitor from differentiated cells in the crypt.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein Cell projection, dendrite|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Ephrin receptors and their ligands, the ephrins, mediate numerous developmental processes, particularly in the nervous system. Based on their structures and sequence relationships, ephrins are divided into the ephrin-A (EFNA) class, which are anchored to the membrane by a glycosylphosphatidylinositol linkage, and the ephrin-B (EFNB) class, which are transmembrane proteins. The Eph family of receptors are divided into 2 groups based on the similarity of their extracellular domain sequences and their affinities for binding ephrin-A and ephrin-B ligands. Ephrin receptors make up the largest subgroup of the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family. EphB3, a member of the Tyr family of protein kinases, is a receptor for members of the ephrin-B family; it binds to both ephrin-B1 and -B2. Expression of this Type I membrane protein is ubiquitous. The protein contains putative domains for 2 fibronectin type III and 1 sterile alpha motif (SAM).
Bohme, B., et al., Oncogene 8(10):2857-2862 (1993).
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