|Other Names||Phosphatidylinositol 3, 5-trisphosphate 5-phosphatase 2, Inositol polyphosphate phosphatase-like protein 1, INPPL-1, Protein 51C, SH2 domain-containing inositol 5'-phosphatase 2, SH2 domain-containing inositol phosphatase 2, SHIP-2, INPPL1, SHIP2|
|Target/Specificity||The synthetic peptide sequence used to generate the antibody AP8473d was selected from the N-term region of human SHIP2. A 10 to 100 fold molar excess to antibody is recommended. Precise conditions should be optimized for a particular assay.|
|Format||The synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml deionized water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) phosphatase that specifically hydrolyzes the 5-phosphate of phosphatidylinositol- 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3) to produce PtdIns(3,4)P2, thereby negatively regulating the PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) pathways. Plays a central role in regulation of PI3K-dependent insulin signaling, although the precise molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways remain unclear. While overexpression reduces both insulin-stimulated MAP kinase and Akt activation, its absence does not affect insulin signaling or GLUT4 trafficking. Confers resistance to dietary obesity. May act by regulating AKT2, but not AKT1, phosphorylation at the plasma membrane. Part of a signaling pathway that regulates actin cytoskeleton remodeling. Required for the maintenance and dynamic remodeling of actin structures as well as in endocytosis, having a major impact on ligand-induced EGFR internalization and degradation. Participates in regulation of cortical and submembraneous actin by hydrolyzing PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 thereby regulating membrane ruffling (PubMed:21624956). Regulates cell adhesion and cell spreading. Required for HGF-mediated lamellipodium formation, cell scattering and spreading. Acts as a negative regulator of EPHA2 receptor endocytosis by inhibiting via PI3K-dependent Rac1 activation. Acts as a regulator of neuritogenesis by regulating PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 level and is required to form an initial protrusive pattern, and later, maintain proper neurite outgrowth. Acts as a negative regulator of the FC-gamma- RIIA receptor (FCGR2A). Mediates signaling from the FC-gamma-RIIB receptor (FCGR2B), playing a central role in terminating signal transduction from activating immune/hematopoietic cell receptor systems. Involved in EGF signaling pathway. Upon stimulation by EGF, it is recruited by EGFR and dephosphorylates PtdIns(3,4,5)P3. Plays a negative role in regulating the PI3K-PKB pathway, possibly by inhibiting PKB activity. Down-regulates Fc-gamma-R-mediated phagocytosis in macrophages independently of INPP5D/SHIP1. In macrophages, down-regulates NF-kappa-B-dependent gene transcription by regulating macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF)-induced signaling. May also hydrolyze PtdIns(1,3,4,5)P4, and could thus affect the levels of the higher inositol polyphosphates like InsP6. Involved in endochondral ossification.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytosol. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cell projection, filopodium. Cell projection, lamellipodium. Note=Translocates to membrane ruffles when activated, translocation is probably due to different mechanisms depending on the stimulus and cell type Partly translocated via its SH2 domain which mediates interaction with tyrosine phosphorylated receptors such as the FC-gamma-RIIB receptor (FCGR2B). Tyrosine phosphorylation may also participate in membrane localization. Insulin specifically stimulates its redistribution from the cytosol to the plasma membrane. Recruited to the membrane following M-CSF stimulation. In activated spreading platelets, localizes with actin at filopodia, lamellipodia and the central actin ring|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed, most prominently in skeletal muscle, heart and brain. Present in platelets. Expressed in transformed myeloid cells and in primary macrophages, but not in peripheral blood monocytes.|
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SHIP2 (inositol polyphosphate-5 phosphatase-like 1), contains a phosphatase domain and an SH2 (src-homology domain 2) motif. SHIP2 iswidely expressed in fibroblast and nonhematopoietic tumor cell lines. Tyrosine phosphorylation of SHIP2 occurrs in response to treatment of cells with EGF, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), nerve growth factor (NGF), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF1), or insulin. EGF and PDGF induces transient tyrosine phosphorylation of SHIP2, while treatment of cells with NGF, IGF1, or insulin results in prolonged tyrosine phosphorylation of SHIP2, indicaating that SHIP2 may play a significant role in regulation of phosphatidylinositol 3-prime-kinase signaling by growth factors and insulin. Some animal models indicate that SHIP2 is a potent negative regulator of insulin signaling and insulin sensitivity in vivo, while others suggest that SHIP2 mediates obesity resistance but not changes in glucose and insulin homeostasis.
Koch, A., et al., Oncogene 24(21):3436-3447 (2005).Prasad, N.K., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 280(13):13129-13136 (2005).Kaisaki, P.J., et al., Diabetes 53(7):1900-1904 (2004).Tomlinson, M.G., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 279(53):55089-55096 (2004).Wang, Y., et al., J. Immunol. 173(11):6820-6830 (2004).
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