|Description||VEGF-B, a member of the VEGF family, is a potent growth and angiogenic cytokine. It promotes DNA synthesis in endothelial cells, helps regulate angiogenesis and vascular permeability, and inhibits apoptosis in certain smooth muscle cells and neurons. VEGF-B is expressed in all tissues except the liver. It forms cell surfaced-associated disulfide linked homodimers and can form heterodimers with VEGF-A. There are two known isoforms, formed by alternative splicing, which have been designated VEGF-B167 and VEGF-B186. Both forms have identical amino-terminal sequences encoding a “cysteine knot” like structural motif, but differ in their carboxyl-terminal domains. Both VEGF-B isoforms signal only through the VEGFR1 receptor. Recombinant human VEGF-B is a 38.0 kDa disulfide-linked homodimeric protein consisting of two 167 amino acid polypeptide chains.|
|BiologicalActivity||Determined by the dose-dependent stimulation of the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in the presence of human VEGF165. The expected ED50 for this effect is 1.0-2.0 μg/ml.|
|Authenticity||Verified by N-terminal and Mass Spectrometry analyses (when applicable).|
|Endotoxin||Endotoxin level is <0.1 ng/ µg of protein (<1EU/ µg).|
|Protein Content||Verified by UV Spectroscopy and/or SDS-PAGE gel.|
|Precautions||Recombinant Human VEGF-B is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
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