|Calculated MW||15 kDa|
|Other Names||Glial-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, ATF-1|
|Sequence||MSPDKQAAAL PRRERNRQAA AASPENSRGK GRRGQRGKNR GCVLTAIHLN VTDLGLGYET KEELIFRYCS GSCEAAETMY DKILKNLSRS RRLTSDKVGQ ACCRPVAFDD DLSFLDDSLV YHILRKHSAK RCGCI|
|Application Notes||Centrifuge the vial prior to opening. Reconstitute in water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/ml. Do not vortex. This solution can be stored at 2-8°C for up to 1 week. For extended storage, it is recommended to further dilute in a buffer containing a carrier protein (example 0.1% BSA) and store in working aliquots at -20°C to -80°C.|
|Storage||-20°C; Sterile filtered through a 0.2 micron filter. Lyophilized from 10 mM Sodium citrate.|
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GDNF is a disulfide-linked homodimeric neurotrophic factor structurally related to Artemin, Neurturin and Persephin. These proteins belong to the cysteine-knot superfamily of growth factors that assume stable dimeric protein structures. GDNF signals through a multicomponent receptor system, composed of a RET and one of the four GFRα (α1-α4) receptors. GDNF specifically promotes dopamine uptake and survival and morphological differentiation of midbrain neurons. Using Parkinson’s disease mouse model, GDNF has been shown to improve conditions such as bradykinesia, rigidity, and postural instability. The functional rat GDNF ligand is a disulfide linked homodimer, of two 15.0 kDa polypeptide chains called monomers. Each monomer contains seven conserved cysteine residues, one of which is used for inter-chain disulfide bridging and the others are involved in intramolecular ring formation known as the cysteine knot configuration.
Lin L.-F.H.,et al.Science 260:1130-1132(1993).
Springer J.E.,et al.Exp. Neurol. 131:47-52(1995).
Russell F.D.,et al.Neuroscience 97:575-580(2000).
Suter-Crazzolara C.,et al.NeuroReport 5:2486-2488(1994).
Schmidt C.,et al.Submitted (SEP-1998) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
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